A common man like me asks why would drilling for fossil fuel trigger earthquake? Pro-fracking tells people that drilling for fuel does not hurt our planet nor it creates earthquake because they said earthquakes already exist long before fracking so it does not trigger earthquakes, does not harm the environment and is completely safe.
Later upon searching for answer to the question that the result would be vital for our planet’s survival or destruction, my question is also answered with a question.
If the planet is drilled for it’s resources inside it’s core, what will fill the void after that? What will they use for drilling? Will they use chemicals harmful to sentient beings and our planet? If they use chemicals, what will be it’s effect to environment and community?
My questions was also answered by experts on their own filed of expertise through articles and research.
What is fracking? According to experts, Fracking is a process which involves drilling down into the earth and injecting shale rock with a high-pressure mixture of water, sand and chemicals to release the gas inside. Environmental campaigners have raised concerns about the huge amounts of water needed to carry out fracking and are worried that the process can cause small earth tremors, such as the two small earthquakes of 1.5 and 2.2 magnitude that hit the Blackpool area in 2011. Another concern is that potentially carcinogenic chemicals used may escape and contaminate groundwater around the fracking site. Campaigners believe the government should invest in renewable energy rather than continuing to rely on fossil fuels. The industry says the small number of pollution incidents seen in the United States, where fracking is used extensively, is down to bad practice, rather than an inherently risky technique.
Fracking, CNN explains it for you.
Links to studies about fossil fuels become cause to Earthquakes and fossil fuels
Oil and gas drilling triggers man-made earthquakes in eight states, USGS finds
Many studies have linked the rise in small quakes to the injection of wastewater into disposal wells, but the Geological Survey’s report takes the first comprehensive look at where the man-made quakes are occurring.
“The hazard is high in these areas,” said Mark Petersen, who leads the agency’s national mapping project.
Canadian officials confirm largest earthquake caused by fracking
Fracking-induced quakes so far have been fairly minor, so energy regulators have been able to write them off as harmless and unlikely to do major damage to nearby buildings or infrastructure. However, geologist John Cassidy worried in an interview with the Globe and Mail that “more and bigger” fracking-induced earthquakes could be coming. He points out that in 2002-2003, northeast BC only experienced 24 earthquakes. After fracking began in the region, from 2010-2011, that number jumped to 189
Induced seismicity refers to typically minor earthquakes and tremors that are caused by human activity that alters the stresses and strains on the Earth’s crust. Most induced seismicity is of a low magnitude.
America’s Addiction to Fossil Fuels Is Officially Causing Earthquakes
By Tom McKay February 26, 2015
Fracking Can Cause Earthquakes, but So Can Oil and Gas Extraction
New report documents seismic activity related to a host of energy technologies
Geologists and politicians have been arguing for several years about whether hydraulic fracturing of shale to release natural gas can cause earthquakes. Finally, a comprehensive study released today by the National Research Council has settled the question: yes, fracking can. The number of earthquakes linked to fracking operations is very small, however; many more temblors are linked to conventional oil and natural gas extraction.
Furthermore, the greatest risk of earthquakes due to fracking does not come from drilling into deep shale or cracking it with pressurized water and chemicals. Rather, it comes from pumping the wastewater from those operations back down into deep sandstone or other formations for permanent disposal, instead of storing it in tanks or open ponds at the surface. In January, wastewater injection was blamed for earthquakes that had just occurred in Youngstown, Ohio, on Christmas Eve and again on New Year’s Eve, measuring 2.7 and 4.0 on the Richter scale, respectively. Wastewater injection is also commonly used during conventional oil and gas production.
Fossil Fuel Use Will Increase Earthquake Likelihood
According to a new United States Geological Survey (USGS) report, states like Colorado are now more prone to earthquakes than ever before. But tectonic forces are not to blame. Instead, Colorado and other states face a statistically higher chance of an earthquake due to the U.S.’s insatiable thirst for fossil fuel.
Are fossil fuels really worth it?
Environmental Impacts of Natural Gas
Other investigative report about Fracking.
Fracking Hell: The Untold Story
An original investigative report by Earth Focus and UK’s Ecologist Film Unit looks at the risks of natural gas development in the Marcellus Shale. From toxic chemicals in drinking water to unregulated interstate dumping of potentially radioactive waste that experts fear can contaminate water supplies in major population centers including New York City, are the health consequences worth the economic gains?
Marcellus Shale contains enough natural gas to supply all US gas needs for 14 years. But as gas drilling takes place, using a process called hydraulic fracturing or “fracking,” toxic chemicals and methane gas seep into drinking water. Now experts fear that unacceptable levels of radioactive Radium 226 in gas development waste.
Fracking chemicals are linked to bone, liver and breast cancers, gastrointestinal, circulatory, respiratory, developmental as well as brain and nervous system disorders. Such chemicals are present in frack waste and may find their way into drinking water and air.
Waste from Pennsylvania gas wells — waste that may also contain unacceptable levels of radium — is routinely dumped across state lines into landfills in New York, Ohio and West Virginia. New York does not require testing waste for radioactivity prior to dumping or treatment. So drill cuttings from Pennsylvania have been dumped in New York’s Chemung and other counties and liquid waste is shipped to treatment plants in Auburn and Watertown New York. How radioactive is this waste? Experts are calling are for testing to find out.
New York State may have been the first state in the nation to put a temporary hold on fracking pending a safety review, but it allows other states to dump toxic frack waste within its boundaries.
Explore more about investigate reports: https://www.linktv.org/shows/earth-focus